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Weekly market update - 15th of June 2021

Written and accurate as at: Jun 15, 2021 Current Stats & Facts

BONDS continue their counter-trend rally despite US inflation data again coming in higher than expected last week. 

US 10-year yields fell another 10bps to 1.45% — down 30bps from their highs. The Australian equivalent fell 20 bps to 1.49%.

Falling yields saw growth stocks resumed leadership in equities last week. The S&P/ASX 300 gained 0.3%, while the S&P 500 was up 0.43%.  



Macro and policy

Many reasons are offered up for the recent bond price rises:

  • Economic growth slowing after the peak of April/May
  • Softer-than-expected employment data
  • The “fiscal cliff” of 2022 as stimulus rolls off, dampening recovery and subduing inflation.
  • Potential for the Fed to discuss tapering in its next meeting
  • A belief that supply disruptions will be temporary
  • Covid resurgence holding back Asian and emerging market recoveries
  • Monetary tightening in Beijing
  • Carry trades from other currencies supporting bond demand

All these factors are likely to play a role to some extent. The employment data in the US is critical as an exemplar of a string of economic data that has surprised the downside.

Though perhaps the most important factor is little-discussed: the demand and supply of Treasury bonds.

In Q1 2020, the US Treasury issued US$342 billion in bonds. Of this, the Fed purchased US$254 billion as part of Quantitative Easing (QE). In Q2, Treasury issued only US$70 billion since they had effectively drawn down on the cash balances built in Q1 to fund stimulus. 

However, the Fed’s QE has continued at the same rate of about US$250 billion for the quarter. 

This has effectively engineered a strong bid in the Treasury market in an environment where many had positioned away from bonds. 

The danger could be in reading higher bond prices as a macro signal that inflation concerns have been tamed. 

The technical supply/demand factors may be clouding the signal from bond prices. But the underlying economy remains strong; this may suggest the debate around inflation is still very much alive.

US CPI data

In this vein, US CPI data for May was again stronger than expected. Headline inflation was 5% year-on-year and +0.6% month-on-month. Core inflation was 3.8% and +0.7% respectively.

The market took this in its stride, mainly because price growth was concentrated in transient areas such as airfares, used cars and apparel.

There were less benign components as well. 

For example, total rent ticked up. This is relevant because it tends to be a longer cycle part of inflation. It had been running at 2% but is expected to rise to 4% as the surge in house prices feeds into the owner’s equivalent rent part of the equation.

Fast food prices also rose. Although it’s not a big part of the basket, this reflects higher input costs and labour costs passing through to consumers. So it’s another thing to keep watching.

Investor and Home Depot co-founder Ken Langone said last week that many of his businesses were battling the worst labour shortages in 50 years.

The costs of equipment, labour, spare parts and fuel were all rising, he said. As a result, his businesses were demonstrating pricing power, but it wasn’t having any negative effect on demand.  

Against a backdrop of near-zero rates, there is an argument we may not get a natural petering out of activity and easing on pricing pressure to subdued levels before 2024. 

This could particularly be the case when factoring pent–up demand, excess savings and wealth increases. 

Capex investment

Meanwhile, we need to watch investment in Capex, which has the potential to surprise on the upside. 

Surveys suggest a surge in Capex plans in the US. Part of this is tied to investment in clean energy. But companies will also need to spend on the capacity to replace the Chinese supply of products such as steel and aluminium as Beijing shifts from its role as the world’s provider of energy-intensive products. 

This week the Fed meets amid speculation about its approach to tapering QE bond purchases. We suspect some indication that it will start investigating the possibility of tapering, in keeping with recent signals.

COVID and vaccines 

The overall environment continues to improve. New daily cases in India have dropped to about 20% of peak levels. Europe and the US remain low. Numbers in Brazil and Asian nations with recent outbreaks appear to be stabilising.  

The main concern is the spread of the Delta variant in the UK, which could lead to other countries. This more transmissible version has seen a tripling of cases from the lows and may delay the final stage of reopening on June 21, meanwhile raising the required threshold for vaccinations to reach herd immunity. 


After a strong run, equity markets have been broadly consolidating since mid-April. Bond yields have fallen, commodity markets risen, earnings revised higher, and liquidity remains abundant. New Covid variants are causing significant concerns. But vaccines remain very effective, and supply is increasing. 

Information Technology rose 6.9%. Bond-sensitive sectors such as REITs (+2.2%) and Utilities (+2.9%) outperformed to show some signs of life. This rotation came at the expense of Financials (-1.9%), which led the market in the last six months. 

Last week’s move closed the gap in performance between Financials and Technology. But the former is still about 27% ahead in 2021, and there is potential for more.  AUSTRAC announced investigations into Star Entertainment (SGR, -4.5%) and Crown Resorts (CWN, -3.7%) for alleged breach of anti-money laundering regulations. The Victorian Royal Commission inquiry into Crown was also extended. 

The potential for more onerous regulation is rising. But a push for cashless casinos, which can help combat money laundering, is complicated by slot machines in pubs and clubs.  AUSTRAC also launched a formal enforcement investigation into National Australia Bank (NAB, -3.8%).  This appears to be a case of the regulator losing patience after long negotiations. The issues do not look as serious as those at Westpac (WBC, -2.2%), and there are currently no civil penalty proceedings. Nevertheless, this could lead to a significant step-up in compliance costs.  The rotation to tech saw the rest of the banking sector fall. Bendigo and Adelaide Bank (BEN) was down 4.1%, ANZ (ANZ) lost 3.3%, Bank of Queensland (BOQ) fell 2.6%, and Commonwealth Bank (CBA) dropped 1.1%.

Altium (ALU, +28.6%) was the best in the ASX 100 last week. The rotation to tech was augmented by a takeover bid from US company Autodesk. This highlights a strong environment for mergers and acquisitions (M&A) amid cheap funding, a strong economic outlook and a market rewarding earnings growth. 

M&A activity in the US data centre sector prompted local play NextDC (NXT) to rise 7.7%. 

Afterpay (APT, +9.6%) and other buy-now-pay-later stocks benefited from the latest fund raising by Swedish competitor Klarna. It raised US$639 million from Softbank at a valuation of US$45.6 billion. This is roughly 40x its 2020 revenue. 

When Klarna raised capital in March, it was valued at US$31 billion. In September 2020, it was $10.3 billion. This highlights heady valuations in the sector and the amount of capital being deployed in a land grab. 

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