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Weekly market update - 10th of March 2021

Written and accurate as at: Mar 10, 2021 Current Stats & Facts

Markets rallied last week as the sell-off in bonds slowed down, and data suggested the US economy was about to kick into a phase of strong growth.  The rotation to value continued. However, on Friday, we saw some signs of a rebound in tech names from a significantly oversold level.  The S&P/ASX 300 rose 0.98%, while the S&P 500 was up 0.84%

Covid and vaccines outlook

The rate of decline in new cases in the US slowed last week, but this likely reflects a lag in reporting after winter storms.  Hospitalisation rates continue to improve substantially.  The vaccine roll-out continues to accelerate in the US. It’s now reached 2.3 million per day. This will rise with a greater supply. The number of people who have been vaccinated now exceeds the total number of reported cases in the US.  The gap in vaccination rates between the US (and the UK) versus Europe continues to widen. This has implications for the economic outlook and may account for some of the strength in the US dollar last week.

Novavax released data from a trial in South Africa. Placebo group results revealed that people who had previously caught the original strain of Covid were just as likely to catch the new South African strain – and to become as sick. This is an issue to watch. It may have implications for where and when international border restrictions are eased.

Economics and policy outlook

The US payroll data was robust for February. It is likely to be the first of several strong data prints as the economy begins to reopen and the next wave of stimulus kicks in.  There is nevertheless a lot of slack left in the economy. The payroll data is still 10 million jobs below the previous peak. At the worst point of the GFC, the payroll data had fallen by 9 million. This excess capacity is why policymakers believe they can stimulate and keep rates near zero for an extended period without triggering inflation.  Many of these lost jobs are in leisure and hospitality, which still has a long way to recovery. As the economy re-opens, this sector could see a lot of job growth in the next few months. 


The Biden stimulus package is set to go ahead – US$1.9 trillion is more than most expected. This underpins an expectation of support for higher corporate earnings – and equity markets – as some 9% of annualised GDP is injected into the market in the next few months.

Focus now shifts to the infrastructure bill. The consensus is a US$2 trillion package, though there is the chatter of something up to US$4 trillion.  Indicators suggest enormous pent-up demand globally, though the US stands out. Once the latest US$1400 stimulus cheques go out, the US savings rate is expected to hit 18%. That compares to 7% pre-Covid. This supports economic activity, with recent surveys suggesting a material pick-up in corporate CAPEX later in the year.

Market outlook

Bonds yields continued to move higher last week, though in a more orderly manner.  The Fed's comments suggest it’s comfortable with yields gradually rising towards 2%, given they reflect a better outlook for growth. The Fed is unlikely to move pre-emptively to control yields unless they start to break out in a disorderly manner and threaten to choke off growth.  US 10-year yields rose 16bps to 1.57% for the week. The Australian equivalent fell 8 bps to 1.83%.

Brent crude rose 4.9% on the OPEC decision to extend restrictions on production. Other commodities consolidated as the US dollar bounced.

The Top 20 stocks drove the Australian equity market higher. The ASX 20 gained 1.8% versus a 1.5% fall in the Small Ordinaries. The banks played a key role, up 6.6% as the effect of higher bond yields flowed through. ANZ (ANZ, +10.2%) was the best performer in the ASX 100.  Resources (-0.6%) saw some consolidation as commodities softened, although Energy (+3.3%) saw the benefits of a higher oil price. Gold miners were among the worst performers in the market.

There was limited company news in the wake of the reporting season.  Xero (XRO, -4.4%) announced its $280 million acquisition of Planday, a cloud-based workforce management solution based in Copenhagen. This extends XRO’s product suite, potentially helping further its expansion into Europe. 

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